Springbok: The Little Speed Master

Springbok: The Little Speed Master.

Springbok: The Little Speed Master

Springbok live in very dry deserts. They have horns that reach half the length of their body and a characteristic black and white "mask" on the face. Lions and hyenas discover for good or bad that Springbok can just as well protect themselves by using their horns. To survive in warm deserts, it raises its body temperature until it is higher than the environment, at which point it can absorb cold air.

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Black Springbok:

The black Springbok, also known as the African Springbok, belongs to the Springbok trumpet subfamily. This beautiful and cute animal has a number of characteristic features that are not typical of other Springbok species. We will talk about these amazing animals, their environment, and the unusual facts in this article.

Description of the Species:

Hippotragus niger - this is how the name of this Springbok sounds in Latin. It has a blue-blue coat and a white patch on the belly, which contrasts with the base color. The horns of these Springbok are both male and female. They consist of numerous rings and have a semicircular, curved back shape. The horns of the black Springbok reach about 160 cm in length and their limbs are incredibly sharp.

At the tip and neck, the Springbok has a very hard coat that reaches about 12 cm. Surprisingly, unlike other Springbok species, black males are only slightly larger than females. The weight of an adult male reaches 280 kg and females - no more than 240 kg.

The length of these animals ranges from 190 to 210 cm, at the tip - from 120 to 140 cm and the withers significantly exceeds the height of the back of the body. In the tail of this animal, there is a long wool brush, which helps to repel insects. The lifespan of these representatives of the fauna reaches 20 years. In the wild, there are five species of black Springbok, common, southern, Zambia, Roosevelt, and giant.

Special Characteristics:

Springbok: The Little Speed Master

The peculiarity of the black Springbok lies in the difference in the color of the individuals. For example, young bulls and adult females are painted dark brown, while adult males are black. In young bulls, as they get older, the coat color becomes darker, and when puberty arrives, they turn a rich black color.

Also, young people have a uniform color all over their body and only when they reach adulthood, their abdomen becomes white and the color of their face also changes. In representatives of both sexes on the face appears a complex pattern in white. Because nature has endowed the black Springbok with such an unusual contrasting color, scientists have no consensus.

Lifestyle:

The young and adult females of the black Springbok live in small groups - from 10 to 30 individuals. With the necessary amount of food and water in the pastures, the herd is on the ground of a single man, who is in charge of the whole group. Adult males constantly point out the boundaries of their territory with the help of a special secret and manure, constantly patrolling and checking labels. All lands divided between males are strictly protected by their masters.

The young bulls are with females from two to three years old, then leave the group alone, if this does not happen, the adult male chases them away. The young males gather in groups and move around the territories of various dominant males. Having reached the age of five, the group disintegrates and each male becomes lonely.

They begin to attempt to occupy any territory, expelling away from their previous owner. There are numerous fights between men, where their big horns play an important role. New applicants for the ground and females appear regularly, so a man can keep it for two or three years.

True Beauty:

Springbok: The Little Speed Master

Black Springbok are distinguished by excellent hearing, excellent sense of smell, and sharp eyesight, which helps them to sense danger quickly. They have very high speed, which makes hunting for them difficult for many predators.

In the photo, the black Springbok looks very impressive. To appreciate the true beauty of these unique animals, you need to go to the zoo. This species is included in the international red book and hunting is prohibited. Today, environmental organizations do everything they can to protect and preserve it.

The White Sahara Springbok Is Doomed To Extinction:

The rhinoceros, a species of Springbok that once existed in abundance in the Sahara, will soon live only in zoos: the endangered population is now too small to sustain itself, said the International Organization for Monitoring.

Only three addakes, also known as white Springbok, found in recent surveys by air and ground in Niger said IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), which gives the official Red List of animals and plants threatened with extinction.

Even though the population is actually five times larger than the census showed, the IUCN noted, the species gene pool is now too small to allow the species to be preserved.

"We are watching in real-time the disappearance of this iconic species that once existed in abundance," Zam-Christophe Vi, IUCN's deputy director of Global Species, told AFP.

The only hope for the conservation of the species is the approximately 600 abbots that currently live in zoos, mainly in the USA, Australia, and Japan. About 200 abbots still live free in a protected area of Morocco, while hundreds more are estimated to be held in private collections.

Captive breeding programs "are extremely expensive compared to efforts to address threats to nature," Badalotti said.

"It is always better to maintain a wild population, which you can later strengthen with breeding programs," he explained.

Two other African Springbok species, the Oryx dammah, and the Oryx leucoryx have been declared extinct since 1980, although efforts are being made to reintroduce them to the zoo with the help of zoos.

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