Life In The Ancient Greek Civilization

Life In The Ancient Greek Civilization.

Life In The Ancient Greek Civilization

Cultures follow in their development the course of natural beings, e.g. of the vegetables. They germinate, are born, grow, bloom in the period of their classicism and then decline, grow old, decline, die. However, they may never die completely. They remain for the people of the future like nostalgia, like vivid memories of their past, and it sometimes happens that generations regulate, based on these memories, their thoughts, their new creations. They are, therefore, even in their defeat, hopes failed until then, but not annihilated, hopes alive, that shake in the memory of humanity. Periods of the decline of civilizations are always, in my opinion, very interesting. First, because they look clearer than the origins of cultures, which are always shrouded in darkness - for what reasons and under what conditions human communities create cultural values and what they lose when they see them disappear.

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The history, customs, and traditions of the Greeks, one of the most important peoples of antiquity. News to know, always useful and interesting but above all, if you have to do a search.

Greek civilization flourished in Greece around 1000 BC, and 146 BC, the year in which Greece was conquered by the Romans. They settled along the coasts and in the islands of the Aegean Sea. The Greek period is historically divided into 3 "subperiods": the Archaic period (from its origins to 480 BC), the Classical period (from 480 to 323 BC), and the Hellenistic period (from 300 to 146 when Greece passed under the Roman rule).

The Greeks mainly devoted themselves to trade by sea, as the land they inhabited was not fertile enough and therefore did not allow the development and increase of agriculture.

Everyday Life In Ancient Greece.

The ancient Greeks are a fundamental people for the West because they invented the philosophy and even the mythology of the Olympians and educated young people in a very rigorous way. But they are also important because, in addition to trade, they dedicated themselves to crafts. They made beautiful vases and beautiful amphorae out of ceramic, clay, and other materials. The vessels were used for the transport of agricultural products and were decorated with scenes from everyday life.

Furthermore, the Greeks were great sculptors and architects, they worked bronze, built weapons, and built temples.

The Greek land was not very fertile, but they managed to cultivate olive trees and vines: they bought cereals from other populations. They then raised geese, pigs, bees, and sheep, engaged in fishing and mining from mines.

A curiosity: the Greeks of the archaic period did not know the horse, which was "discovered" later and used for military purposes. The jars produced, the handicrafts, the olive oil were "sold" to the peoples who lived in Turkey and the coasts of southern Italy. And right here, in Southern Italy, the Greeks founded many colonies, which took together took the name of Magna Graecia (i.e. Great Greece).

Social Classes.

Life In The Ancient Greek Civilization

The most important people were the nobles, that is, the rich lords descended from high-ranking families. Then there was the class of intellectuals, which included scientists, mathematicians, philosophers, doctors, astronomers. Then there were the soldiers, the artisans and traders, the sailors, the peasants, and finally the slaves.

In Greece, the slaves were very many and generally, they were prisoners of war. Their task was to cultivate the lands of the nobles to obtain food to give to the inhabitants of the city. They did heavy work, went to the mines, or worked in the houses and helped the artisans. Frequent in Greece was the habit of selling and buying slaves as if they were objects.

The Life Of Greek Women.

The two main cities of Ancient Greece - Sparta, and Athens - offer us two very different examples of the way of considering women in society. In Athens, each man could have 3 or 4 women, but of these only one wife. Athenian women took care of the house and the education of the children. The girls had to be followed until marriage, while the boys only had to be up to seven years old. In fact, at this age, they went to school where they learned to be brave men and soldiers. The woman generally lived in the house: only rich women, sometimes, could go out. In Athens the woman emancipated herself starting from the Hellenistic era, that is towards the end of the Greek age.

In Sparta the situation was very different: women were freer to do what they wanted and were educated in singing, dancing, and gymnastics and, in general, living in the open air. Moreover, they were not obliged to stay at home to look after their children as was the case in Athens. This happened because the Spartans believed that in this way women would fortify their physique and have more robust children.

That is, better warriors.

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