History Of The Persian Civilization

History of the Persians.

History Of The Persian Civilization

Where they lived, religion, political and social organization, conquests, and the economy of the Persian empire.

The Persians are a people who remained on the margins of the great civilizations until the middle of the sixth century BC. The Persians succeeded in carrying out the great project of creating an empire that included all the territories and all the populations from the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean. Although the center of gravity of civilization was shifting towards Europe, the Persians gave birth to a period of splendor for the East. The heart of the Persian civilization was the Iranian plateau, between Mesopotamia and India. The Persians were subdued by the Medes, a tribe similar to them, of Indo-European origin. The Median king Ciassare allied himself with the last king of Babylon Nabopolassar and defeated the Assyriansconquering Nineveh in 612 BC In 550 BC the Persian prince Cyrus rebelled against the ruler of the Medes Astiage and took his place. At the head of the two peoples (the Medes and the Persians) then began a series of military expeditions which in thirteen years allowed him to conquer all the regions of the Near East; with the defeat of the Assyrians, the only power capable of opposing the expansion of the Iranian peoples (Persians) towards Mesopotamia, Syria, and Anatolia had disappeared. The first target of Cyrus' expansion was the reign of Lydia: he defeated and captured the king of Lydia Croesus in 546 BC and took him, prisoner, to Persia. He then conquered Lycia and the Greek cities of the coast, Babylon, and its empire. During the preparations for the conquest of Egypt, in 530 BC, Cyrus died, and his successor was Cambyses who defeated the Egyptians at Memphis. His reign did not last long because he was the victim of a conspiracy and his successor, after a brief period of rebellion by the priestly and military caste, was Darius who relied on the supporters of a new religion of the prophet Zoroaster. Under his reign, the Persian empire reached its maximum development. He eliminated the old tribal organizations and introduced the religion of Zoroastrianism.

Persian Empire:

History Of The Persian Civilization

Social And Political Organization:

The Persian empire was divided into twenty provinces, the satrapies. At the head of each satrapy was an official called a "satrap", appointed by the king. The satrap was guarded by a secretary and a group of inspectors called " the eyes and ears of the king " who, without warning, showed up to check his work. The satrapies paid huge tributes to the state treasury. The heart of power was the palace where the “King of Kings" Or "Great King", that is, the emperor, was surrounded by officials and advisers who came from all over the kingdom. There was a palace in each of the three capitals of the Empire: Susa (city of Cyrus), Ecbatana, and Persepolis (city of the Persians), where the most important palace was. The guard (army) was chosen by the king and was made up of ten thousand Persian knights loyal to the sovereign called "the Immortals". Whenever one died or left the service, he was immediately replaced and therefore the number never changed. ECONOMICS OF THE SHUTTERS From an economic point of view, the Persian Empire is a vast " common market " which included several realities:

You May Also Like

The Roman Civilization: A City Based Essentially On War
The Great Apes: Perhaps Smarter Than Our Ancestors
The Incan Civilization: A Well-established And Flourishing Society
The Aztec Civilization: The Truth About The Aztecs

The coastal cities of Phenicia and Syria;

The Greek ones of the Aegean Sea;

The agricultural regions of Asia Minor, Egypt, and Mesopotamia;

The Asian pastoral plateaus;

The port cities of the Indian Ocean.

The coastal regions of the Mediterranean benefited greatly from this economic situation, exchanges between the various regions were increased and the Persian currency (the "darics" named after Darius) remained the international currency on which economic exchanges were based for a long time.

The Persian empire was divided into twenty provinces, the satrapies. At the head of each satrapy was an official called a "satrap" appointed by the king.

Share the article with your friends, If you like it.