Cheetah: World Fastest Land Animals

Cheetah: World Fastest Land Animals.

Cheetah: World Fastest Land Animals

Description Of The Type.

The cheetah is primarily famous as the best runner among mammals, capable of reaching speeds of more than 100 km per hour over short distances, which allows him to catch up not only a gazelle or a hare but also another famous sprinter - a greyhound. By the way, in terms of body structure, he resembles her, or any other long-legged dog. The cheetah's body is designed for running. He has long legs, a low set, like a large greyhound, chest, light muscular body, flexible spine. In addition, this is the only cat "running in spikes", the cheetah's claws do not fully retract, even the generic name "Acinonyx" in Greek means "not moving claws". The color is sandy-yellow, with small black spots scattered all over the body, thin black stripes on the sides of the muzzle. Body length - from 115 to 140 cm, rather massive tail reaches from 60 to 80 cm. The height at the withers is 0.7-0.9 m. The weight of an adult male is from 40 to 65 kg, the female is somewhat lighter.

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Lifestyle and social organization.

Cheetah: World Fastest Land Animals

The cheetah is usually active during the day when other large predators are resting. Less often he goes hunting at dusk. Thus, he avoids competition with lions and hyenas to some extent.

A cheetah, although a special cat, is still a cat, and the main, adult part of his life, like most other cats, he spends alone. Young people stay with their mother until the age of 17–20 months. Having almost reached sexual maturity, young cheetahs of the same litter still keep together for at least six months. In the company of brothers and sisters, they feel more secure. Then the sisters leave the groups one by one, while their brothers remain to live together for some time.

Cheetahs have no territory if, by it, we mean an actively protected area. They rather follow the movements of their victims, however, they actively mark their routes with excrement. There is evidence that if a cheetah encounters a mark left less than 24 hours ago, it immediately sets off in the opposite direction from the route of the previous relative. One cheetah needs a living space of 50 to 150 sq. km. The highest density of these predators is observed in the Nairobi National Park - one individual per 5-6 square meters. Km.

Cheetahs have a very peculiar vocalization. The sounds they make are very different: meows, hiss, and snorts. In the mating behavior in the male's repertoire, there is a characteristic "popping" - a sound that is more reminiscent of a bird call.

Feeding and feeding behavior.

Cheetah: World Fastest Land Animals

Cheetahs hunt mainly ungulates: small antelopes, gazelles, sometimes they catch hares, cubs of warthogs, and birds. The cheetah has keen eyesight and sees its potential prey from afar. First, he conceals it, and then pursues, developing a speed of up to 60 km / h already in 2 - 3 seconds after the start. It is believed that the cheetah can run at speeds over 100 km / h. Having caught up with its prey, the predator with its only sharp claw on the front paw picks it up and grabs it with its teeth.

It is not for nothing that the cheetah is considered the fastest-footed mammal on Earth, however, if the chase lasts more than a minute, it stops pursuing. His body is very overheated from such a powerful energy release, and the animal is forced to rest. Sometimes cheetahs watch for their prey near watering places. Young males, who have left the parental area, hunt together and can catch even a large animal. The cheetah is an excellent hunter, starting the pursuit, it achieves success in almost half of the cases (in contrast to the lion and leopard, in which the percentage of successful hunts ranges from 10 to 30). At the same time, cheetahs have to concede prey to larger, or numerous predators: lions and hyenas. Sometimes even vultures are taken away from them. Cheetahs never feed on carrion, they do not even return to the cooled remains of their own prey.

How often does a cheetah hunt? It depends on the circumstances. A female with babies is forced to hunt every day, and an adult animal leading a solitary lifestyle is content with catching one gazelle every 2-3 days. Usually, the daily requirement for meat does not exceed 3 kg.

What it looks like?

Cheetah: World Fastest Land Animals

The cheetah is famous for its high speed when it travels at a short distance, running at a speed of up to 90 km per hour when it is hunting. This cat is known for its small body, long legs, round head, and small round ears. It is about two meters long from the tip to the tip of the tail, weighs 40 kg to 60 kg, and is about 800 mm high. It has a high spine near the lower back and is not straight. This cat is known for its bright colors and a long tail that is about the size of its body. Its tail has stripes.

What kind of food do they eat?

The food of the cheetah is small to medium-sized deer such as steenbok, duiker, Thomsons, and Gazelle, but it has been observed that hunters all participate in large animals such as the Wildebeest.

About Reproduction.

The cheetah does not have a set time to make babies just tigers. They give birth after three months of gestation. It is common for two babies to be born, but this number has reached six. The children live with their parents until they are two years old and unfortunately do not all live until they are old enough to be killed by lions, wolves, and eagles. Because the cats are not very strong their mother often leaves them small for the sake of protecting her health. But in places where they can hide or have few enemies, they can survive every child until they are old enough.

Lifestyles.

It lives in groups of two to six families, although some prefer to live on their own. The number of cats in the past has decreased since then. They are no longer visible in many parts of Africa because of people taking over. These cats hunt day and night, especially in the early morning and late afternoon when the sun goes down. They prefer to sleep and rest when the sun is very hot during the day. Those who have never heard the cat cry have been amazed at the sound of a bird. They also make sounds similar to domestic cats, not roaring like lions.

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