The Hare: A Small Mammal Of The Order Rodentia

The Hare: A Small Mammal Of The Order Rodentia.

The Hare: A Small Mammal Of The Order Rodentia

DESCRIPTION:

Small mammal of the order rodents. It is characteristic that the upper jaw has 4 cutters, two relatively large and two smaller, its body length reaches about 70 cm while its weight rarely exceeds 6 kg.

The characteristic of the hare is the uneven development of its body. The front part is less developed and its front legs, compared to the back ones, look like atrophies, which allows the hare to run very fast. After all, the hind legs, which eventually support his body and give him movement, are disproportionately long, concerning his body, and very strong. This allows him to make big leaps and thus manage to escape from his enemies.

The ears of hares are large and upright and can move in all directions, which provides them with a great ability to hear. Their head is relatively small and spherical.

Characteristic for the hare is the tearing of the upper lip. (From this he got the name and the disease of the people, schistostomy or hare). Another characteristic is that between the cheeks and the jaws he can store a part of his food that he did not have time to chew well when he is forced to leave quickly because he is being chased by an enemy. The female gives birth to 3-5 young 4-5 times a year, after a monthly pregnancy, which she breastfeeds for about 15 days.

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The hare is a nocturnal animal. He spends the day hiding and the night he goes out to graze. The hare never makes holes in the ground for nests, like the wild rabbit. It feeds on grass, tree leaves, while in winter when it does not find grass, it feeds on tree bark, mainly fruit trees. The damage causes to agriculture is insignificant, because it remained minimal due to its intensive hunting. Everyone is chasing him, snakes, animals, birds, people. Enemies everywhere and friends nowhere.

When disturbed by the hunter, it remains motionless and because its color resembles the environment, it is difficult to perceive. That is why it is hunted with the help of special dogs, the hounds. However, it is a fast animal and the dog can hardly break it at speed, especially over long distances. The hare reaches about 70 km per hour.

Hare is one of the most common animals in the temperate and polar regions. The polar hare is completely white, and its fur becomes valuable fur. In total there are over 10 different species of hares in the world. The European hare lives in Greece, which is widespread throughout Europe except in northern Russia and the Scandinavian countries.

In particular, the Hare (Lepus europaeus) is a Cowardly mammal that has a length of 60 cm and is found in 15 variants, weighing 3-6 kg. Lives in forests and dense areas are fast to run and build a nest on the ground. The female gives birth 3-4 times a year and after 30 days of pregnancy gives birth to 3-5 young. It eats grass, roots, tree bark, celery, and vine leaves, while they usually live for 8 years.

The Hare: A Small Mammal Of The Order Rodentia

Hare activities:

Unlike other species of the hare family that remain underground when they are not moving, the hare is out of holes during the day when it rests and moves mainly at night, as a true nocturnal, when it feeds. However, during the summer when the night is relatively short, the hare expands its activities during the first and last hours of the day. Those who have observed the rest of the day are the people who have been bothered by an enemy.

Hare that lives in rural areas chooses to rest in places that have good visibility with a bush or a large stone behind them or on the side. But if there is enough tall grass then all they do is sit down forming a small cavity in the vegetation and remain motionless. But if the vegetation is relatively low or the weather is cold then he digs a small pit and sinks the back of his body to hide and protect himself from the cold at the same time. This habit makes him invisible most of the time. Even in a field with winter wheat a few centimeters high, it can be distinguished with great difficulty. When the sun sets and there is no inconvenience, he leaves his hiding place and runs fast in search of food. Early in the morning, he returns to one of his hiding places to rest. Of course, many hares choose the edge of shrubland or forest to hide especially during the winter. By carefully observing the edges of the forests late in the winter at dusk, from a hill, we can see more than one hare coming out to feed.

The feeding areas may be close to the collar and the animal may start feeding almost immediately after leaving it. Usually, however, these areas do not coincide, and the hare needs to travel distances that often exceed a kilometer to find a suitable field. Although it is considered a solitary animal, it prefers to graze with other people. This is because it is easier to detect danger from many pairs of eyes and ears than from one. It has also been observed that when more than one hare feeds in an area, they waste less time watching out for impending dangers and thus feed for longer, making better use of available food.

Feeding areas change depending on the vegetation of the fields until they are plowed. Thus, the rural areas are utilized differently depending on the time of year, the type, and the stage of vegetation. The area in which a hare move varies from 200 to 1000 acres. Its preference for forest openings, shrublands, and natural fences depends on the slope of the soil, the quality and quantity of dense natural vegetation, the ability of the animal to escape from its pursuers, and the ability to effectively exploit food supplies. With the least possible risk.

The refinement of techniques that the hare has developed to avoid his enemies is a matter of life and death. So he tries to escape from his enemies by confusing his tracks. He never gets to the place where he is going to collar without taking a few walks back and forth to deceive the pursuers who follow him by following the smell he leaves. Observations have shown that most of the time it is directed to specific corridors or paths that can develop great speed and knows them very well so that it has a high chance of escaping. He never, it seems, leaves his escape to chance to look for ways out at that time. Experienced hunters are well aware of these trails and there they wait for the hare to appear after being stripped and chased by the dog. Even if the chaser is a very fast dog, such as a greyhound, even if the ground does not help the hare, the chances of catching it are small because when the dog approaches the hare makes a sharp change of direction.

The Hare: A Small Mammal Of The Order Rodentia

Habitat selection:

The hare is an animal with great adaptability and is found in a wide range of habitats. It lives in lowland areas with crops but also in bare mountains with sparse shrubs, in sparse forests of conifers, broadleaves, shrubs, etc. The area we will choose, regardless of whether it is mountainous or lowland, must include a forest-covered or bushy vegetation zone, so that it is protected from its enemies and easily escapes. Necessary is the glades in the forest and the bushes, as well as the open meadows, while it grows much better where there are traditional crops with legumes, vegetables, and livestock (beans, carrots, clover, etc.).

Reproduction:

The male is polygamous. The instinct of reproduction is so great that it forces them to travel huge distances to find a mate. There are big fights between the males 10-15 together. Reliable sources say that these battles are so noisy and loud that many times the animals are seriously injured, blinded, etc. The dominant male that will prevail will mate with the female. The hare's pregnancy lasts about 30 days, giving birth up to four times a year, first in March and last in August. During the first birth it gives birth to 1-3 young and then 3-4, then 3 and finally 1-2. The little ones come into the world with their eyes open and very well-developed. They are breastfed by their mother for a few days and immediately abandoned to their fate. The young initially live together and go out in search of food together at night. After about 15 months they are fully developed and can be reproduced from the first year. They live about 7-8 years.

Habitat - Nutrition:

The hare as we said is almost everywhere and all over the world. Of course, it is an animal of the plains, but we also find it in the mountains at an altitude of 1880 meters. Appreciates dry, healthy, and ventilated soils, such as large forests next to plains, coastal areas with crops, etc. Prefers to stay in the plains, on beautiful days, in winter, when the sun appears. The hare has a vital area of ?? About 300 acres that he shares with his homosexuals. In this area, there are escape routes, while the area he frequents is 10-15 acres.

The hare is a vegetarian and very selective in its choice of food. It consists of a great variety, and you depend on the seasons of the year. His long nocturnal movements lead him to eat sprouts of seeds or legumes, tubers, fruits or buds, vegetables such as cabbages, carrots, leaves of cereals. In winter, it eats shrub leaves, bark, or shoots of young conifers. Like the wild rabbit, it consumes soft bird droppings that are rich in vitamins, amino acids, and bacteria that it needs.

The Hare: A Small Mammal Of The Order Rodentia

Behavior:

The hare is a solitary animal, unlike its cousin the wild rabbit. Apart from the breeding season, it lives alone in a very well-defined area. In addition to his nocturnal habits, he knows two peaks of activity, the morning before dawn and just after nightfall. Then he can make long night outs, looking for his food there. This behavior exposes the hare in a meeting with the cars and the well-known and reprehensible secret and forbidden hunting of the hare with the lanterns and flashlights! This hunt. Which has nothing to do with the real and wonderful hare hunting done by some rogue poachers, is capable at one time of exterminating the entire hare population of an area. I have never understood what pleasure they find if they hunt an animal this way, once it was for meat now for magic and greed !! The unfortunate, naive do not think, what will be left to give birth next year!!

At dawn, he returns to his house (his collar). It has many such collars in the area, depending on the season and the growth of vegetation. The hare is (local) and its escape routes remain unchanged from year to year and from generation to generation. At the beginning of the season, when the weather is hot and dry, the hare enjoys the coolness of the clovers and the cornfields. The mountaineer the ravines with shade, the shady edge of the dense forest, or even in a cluster of stones, in holly, next to streams. In the forest, we find it under the root of an oak or under a bush. It always stays close to the forest borders or on the side of alleys, always in such a position that it perceives the slightest danger that is approaching. When the weather is bad, we find it in the clear.

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