The Blackbuck: The Indian Antelope

The Blackbuck: The Indian Antelope.

The Blackbuck: The Indian Antelope

If you would like to see the most beloved antelope in the world, then you will go with a black bud. Black spots are also known as "Indian antelope", which live in major communities in India, Nepal, and Pakistan. Considering the speed, the blackbuck can withstand speeds of up to 50 mph. As they are full of other animals, the soul weapon they carry with them is speed. Some predators for which they fall are wolves, cheetahs, and stray dogs. Most of the time young people are trapped as their speeds do not match those of adults.

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International scientific name

Garna, or horn antelope, or sassi, or deer antelope (lat. Antilope cervicapra) - artiodactyl mammal from the bovine family.


Body length 100-150 cm. Height at the withers 60-85 cm. Weight 25-40 kg. Typical body shape for gazelles (Gazella). Externally, the animal looks like deer and goats. Males are noticeably larger and heavier than females.

Males have spiral horns turned slightly obliquely backward. Their length is about 50 cm, a maximum of 70 cm. There are no horns in females.

The Blackbuck: The Indian Antelope


These antelopes live in large herds on grassy plains, deserts, and saline soils. They never enter forests or hilly areas. When the plains are flooded, the garnishes often sink. Often, leaving the floods, garnish enters the village, losing for a while the fear of man. This antelope adapts easily to adverse living conditions. It is durable, can go without water for a long time (although when there is water, drink often). Garna has a speed of up to 80-96 km / h. The distance between the jumps of the guard reaches 6.6 m. The height of the guard jumps 2 m. The lifespan of the guard in the wild is about 12 years.

The antelope horn or deer antelope (lat. Antilopa cervicapra) belongs to the Bovidae family. Its population size in India in the middle of the XIX century was estimated at 4 million people. In 1964, it was reduced to 8 thousand animals. Thanks to the measures taken, he managed to restore up to 50 thousand at this time.

According to Hindu mythology, it is considered an animal used in the chariot of the god Krishna. Combined, it is also a vehicle of the wind god Vāyu and the moon god Chandra. Her responsibilities included the delivery of the divine drink of soma, the secret of its preparation that was lost in antiquity.

Meat garnish is widely eaten during the time of the Harappan civilization, which existed in 3300-1300 BC. in the Indus River valley. His bones, which were heat-treated, were found by archaeologists in large quantities during excavations in the ancient cities of Dholavir and Mehrharh.

Reproduction and life expectancy:

With the onset of the mating season, males mark their territory. At the same time, conflicts can arise between them, which leads to battles. The winner remains on the ground and the loser goes looking for another place. The females wander in such areas and a herd with a dominant male form. In total, the herd can count from 5 to 50 animals.

Female pregnancy lasts 5.5 months. As a rule, 1 child is born. The female gives birth on tall grass. On her light skin, she is almost invisible. The baby curls up and lies down quietly, and the mother grazes. Young adult males leave their mothers and form separate herds. And young females stay with their mothers for a lifetime. Adolescence occurs at the age of 3 years. Individual centenarians live up to 16 years.

The flock, or horn antelope, or Sassi, or deer antelope (lat. Antilope cervicapra) is a mammal of the bovine family.

The Blackbuck: The Indian Antelope


There are 2 subspecies of garnish:

Antilope cervicapra (Linnaeus, 1758) - Southern garnet, nominally subspecies, slightly smaller than the second subspecies, horns shorter and less widespread, Nepal, where they are preserved only in Nepal Bardia National Park,

Antilope cervicapra rajputanae Zukowsky, 1927 - Rajasthan garn, slightly higher at the withers of the nominal subspecies (60-85 cm), males are slightly heavier (up to 56 kg), the horns of both sexes are longer and wider in distance, north, in Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh were exterminated, imported to Argentina, USA, and Australia. Re-importation efforts have been made in Pakistan and Nepal.

Reproduction and longevity:

The gestation period lasts 5.5 months. Females mainly give birth to a child. The birth takes place on tall grass, in which the females remain almost invisible due to the light color of the skin.

While the mother is grazing, the baby curls up and lies down silently. Adolescence garnish appears in the third year of life. The young females do not leave their mothers all their lives and the males leave and form their herds. In the wild, Indian antelopes live for about 12 years, and long-livers live up to 16 years.

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