The Ants: The Underground Kingdom

The Ants. The Underground Kingdom.

The Ants: The Underground Kingdom

Ants and main Features:

The ants are social entomatis family Formicidae (Myrmigkides) and with wasps and bees, are the order Hymenoptera. Ants live in organized societies, in which perfect insects are distinguished into queens, workers, and males, and there are winged and winged forms. They differ from termites (Isoptera) in that the first ventricles that join the chest are usually very thin and form a kind of stem. Their antennas are knee-high while they have social organization during their life and division of labor. They prefer places with heat and humidity. They frequent houses where food is processed, usually in kitchens, canteens, bakeries, hotels, hospitals. Furthermore, they infect all types of food of humans and animals, especially jams, sugar and honey, meat, cheese and fats, dead cockroaches, insects and rodents. Their nests are usually located in inaccessible places under floors, between walls, behind bodies and pipes of radiators or stoves, which makes them difficult to deal with. Ants' colonies live on the ground, in tree trunks and branches, or in the timber of buildings. In most cases, the ants grow in the countryside and only the workers visit the houses in search of food. In addition to contaminating or destroying food, many species are annoying with their sting.

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Ant species:

The species of ants that cause problems due to their activity in humans, feed on sweeteners, usually live outdoors and are the following:• Black ants (Lasius niger)• Yellow ants (Lasius flavus)• Lasius (Lasius emarginatus)• Pavementants (Tetramoriumcaepsitum). When ants start infecting houses and attacking people in backyards and parks, they fall into the category of annoying insects.

The Ants: The Underground Kingdom

Biology and Behavior:

The ants owe much of their success to their social structure. Laboratory experiments performed by soldiers, scouts, larvae and guards, as well as workers, queens and other drones, make one of the most effective colonies, in growth and survival. Exclusively responsible for laying eggs, the queens are completely dependent on the workers who feed the non-workers, developing the larvae and drones in the nest. Following the pheromones, they hunt for new food sources at a distance of 90 meters or more from the nest. Workers are constantly transporting food back to the colony based on location and species. As they consume it themselves, they share the food with those who do not collect food and also help in the development of the larvae with a process called tropholaxia. As a result, ant paths between nests and food sources characterize most infections. Paths that become more inaccessible and difficult to stop with increasing use.

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