Otters: The "superheroes" of climate change

Otters: The "superheroes" of climate change.

Otters: The "superheroes" of climate change

The Eurasian otter is a small animal that lives on the banks of rivers and lakes and only where the water is very clear. It is considered one of the rarest and most endangered mammals on the continent. It is an important indicator of mountain water health and therefore is strictly protected in all EU countries. Furthermore, it feeds on more than 80% of fish, amphibians, reptiles (water snakes), invertebrates (mainly crabs), birds and small mammals. In Greece, it is considered that there is one of the densest and most widespread populations. In central Greece, there is a small population split, while some isolated populations are found in Corfu and Evia.

How otters save the planet.

The sea otter, or otter, is considered the hairiest animal in the world, with up to 140,000 hairs per square centimeter of its body. To make this size more understandable, the human head is 700 times less dense.

Unlike many other marine mammals, the otter has no fat and therefore to keep warm it consumes foods that weigh 1/4 of its body. This is just one day.

With this habit, however, they play an important role in conserving the ecosystem of the North Pacific. After all, it has been shown that very few other animals eat so much (in proportion to their weight) and at the same time are so important for the protection of the environment.

Today, in fact, scientists are trying to go one step further, proving that otters are the "superheroes" in the fight against climate change.

You May Also Like

The Hare: A Small Mammal Of The Order Rodentia
The Pig: Pigs Are Smarter Than Dogs
The Blue Jay: The Bird With Intense Blue Feathers

The fight against climate change.

Otters: The "superheroes" of climate change

How is this done? In a very simple way. By consuming all this food, marine ecosystems help absorb atmospheric carbon and store it as biomass, not allowing it to be re-released into the environment.

Otters, in particular, like to consume large amounts of sea urchins, which are rich in calories. As a result, the invertebrate population remains low, which is extremely positive for marine forests.

This is because algae are a favorite food for sea urchins, who not only feed on them but have a bad habit of destroying the entire plant, which then dries out.

In this way, entire marine forests are lost, which are very important on the one hand for the food of other marine animals, on the other hand for the containment of carbon dioxide and the response to climate change.

Compensating for the emissions of 1 million vehicles.

Otters: The "superheroes" of climate change

It is no coincidence that in areas where otters live, carbon dioxide absorption is higher than 4.4 to 8.7 million tonnes compared to other areas.

This amount exceeds the carbon emissions of one million passenger cars in a whole year.

Otters were once widespread in the coastal waters of the North Pacific. However, their populations have shrunk considerably in recent decades, causing an untold catastrophe at the bottom.

It has been found that otter-free areas are often turned into dense underwater deserts, not allowing carbon dioxide emissions to be contained.

In contrast, in areas with otters, the seabeds remain rich in algae, which confirms the significant contribution of these marine mammals to tackling climate change.

Share the article with your friends, If you like it.