An Excellent Hunter The African Wild Dog

An excellent hunter The African Wild Dog: Discover some species facts and habitat.

An Excellent Hunter The African Wild Dog

African wild dogs, which live in sub-Saharan Africa, have only four toes, while dogs and wolves have five. But it is not only this difference, but these are also wild animals!

Lycaon Pictus, which in Latin means painted wolf, is the genus to which the African dog belongs and which is the only species belonging to this genus.

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Description:

An Excellent Hunter The African Wild Dog

Some characteristics of the African wild dog set it apart from other dogs. Although tall, it is the largest African dog. The average dog weighs 44 to 55 kilograms in East Africa and 54 to 72 kilograms in South Africa. It stands about 24 to 30 inches from the shoulder, with a body length of 28 to 44 inches and a tail of 11 to 16 inches. Females are slightly smaller than males. The species lacks dewdrops and usually has fused mid-foot pads. His curved, blade-like lower teeth are unusual, seen only in the South American dog and the Asian dhole.

It has ears like a hyena, a wide skull, its height reaches about 77 cm and weighs from 18 to 37 kg. At first glance, it may seem like a hyena, but it is a dog. Like hyenas, African dogs live in herds. However, there are some differences: hyenas have a colorful camouflaged body (with earthy colors), while the African dog has a more compact color, either black, gold, white or brown, with unique designs on each dog. Hyenas also have shorter tails than African dogs, whose tails are usually covered with white hair.

They are excellent hunters and "race" in the African plains and plains. Their herd consists of about 10 adults and to coordinate with each other, for the hunting strategy, they have a kind of verbal communication. They can range in over 1000 square miles when hunting their prey and can move at high speed for long periods when needed. In a study conducted by experts, the African dog can develop an average speed of 48 kilometers per hour for a distance of about 5 kilometers.

In the herd, the lowest-ranked members make gestures of respect for the dogs of the highest position, such as licking their faces or doing something favorable to them. If we think of our pets who always want to calm us down by licking our hands, African dogs behave in the same way. They can also take care of each other - the dogs with the highest position or the female leading the herd to lie down and let the other members take care of her.

Habitat and distribution:

An Excellent Hunter The African Wild Dog

While the African wild dog once roamed the mountains and deserts of most sub-Saharan Africa, its modern range is limited to South Africa and southeast Africa. Groups tend to be isolated from each other.

Just as pets welcome their master when he or she comes home, waits for cuddles, makes "wild dogs" or performs similar moves to gain the attention and interest of their owner, so do African dogs. They do the same thing. In addition, they make movements with their feet, jump, lick their mouths and wag their tails, as if "submitting" rituals to the leader of the tribe.

They work together as a team during hunting seasons and most of their prey is antelopes, gazelles, the great African antelope, calves, wild deer and even zebras. Because their method of killing is considered very painful, inhuman and disgusting to humans, they have been hunted and persecuted to the point of being very close to extinction, and are therefore considered an endangered species. Various groups have been bred in captivity, to create a sufficient number of African dogs so that they can bloom again in the wild.

Conservation status:

At one time, African wild dogs roamed all of sub-Saharan Africa, except in the drier parts of the desert and lowland forests. Most of the remaining dogs now live in southeast Africa and South Africa. Only 1,400 adults remain, divided into 39 subpopulations. The species is categorized as endangered because packages are widely separated and numbers continue to decline due to disease, habitat destruction and human conflict. African wild dogs can not be domesticated, although there are cases in which they have been kept as pets.

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